So the question here is.......how much you can achieve with very little money.
The brief is an extension of Madagascars recent attempts to increase its security and sovereignty. Offshore mineral and fisheries resources are to be monitored, patrolled and secured to foster development needed for economic exploitation. A patrolled depth up to 200km offshore is the target criteria.
The challenges are significant.
Finance available is modest - the government is adding the equivalent to USD$35mn a year to the defence budget to fund the acquisition of the new national patrol capability. The capability is to be fully stood-up in 5yrs. Maximum budget is therefore around US$175mn. Personnel numbers are a constraint as well. Some expansion will be possible but current seagoing personnel would number in the low hundreds at best. Literacy is about 65% so anyone wanting to deploy AEGIS or S-400's here might be facing an additional challenge!.
In climate terms the western coast fronts on to the Mozambique channel which is happily credited with cyclone season stretching from Nov-May!. Better seas to the north are balanced by bigger swells that swing up from the southern ocean out to the east. Survival at SS6 for any units selected would be a suggested minimum requirement
In threat terms there is no warfighting component anticipated. The most significant threats are pirate hulls coming down from Yemeni and Somalian waters looking for easy prey. Some of these can be substantial motor vessels and the unrest in the region has seen ZPU-2, ZU-23 mounts appear alongside the more usual PKM and DshK singles. Suggestions also exist of Iranian Fadjr-1 single and twin RL's and even a few Towsan ATGMs being sold off by various rebel elements.
If there is any good news in the picture it is in the availability of suitable basing:
Existing bases are located as per the map and all have pier facilities with 3m depth at least. All but one actually can handle 5m depth alongside. A coastal course from the most northerly to southerly base is 837nm long.
There is also friendly contact with the Indian Navy and potential for training and joint operations.
How do you put the most coverage out, backed up with a credible constabulary force, when the chequebook is a bit on the thin side.